Cuba Parool blurred

Feest, maar ook tranen in Miami

Gepubliceerd in Het Parool op 18 juli 2015

Ruim een halve eeuw waren het gezworen vijanden, maar maandag heropenen de VS en Cuba hun ambassades. De dooi in de betrekkingen zorgt bij de Cubaanse gemeenschap in Miami voor gemengde gevoelens.

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Voor abortus vliegen de latina’s naar Miami

Gepubliceerd in OneWorld op 2 juli 2015

In El Salvador staat de naam Beatriz synoniem voor het abortusverbod. Beatriz was de schuilnaam van een vrouw met de auto-immuunziekte Lupus, die een rechtszaak aanspande om een abortus te mogen laten plegen. Haar foetus was niet levensvatbaar, haar eigen leven was in gevaar. Het verzoek werd in eerste instantie afgewezen, en pas na een hoger beroep mocht zij bij hoge uitzondering haar zwangerschap beëindigen.

El Salvador is een van de weinige landen ter wereld met een compleet verbod op abortus – ook als de zwangerschap het gevolg is van een verkrachting, en ook wanneer het leven van de moeder in gevaar is. Ook in buurland Nicaragua had Beatriz haar zwangerschap niet mogen beëindigen. In andere Latijns-Amerikaanse landen zoals Venezuela of Guatemala is het levensgevaar voor de moeder volgens de wet een uitzondering op het heersend verbod.

Lees verder in OneWorld

Florida waters

“Here, everybody knows a Cuban who had to go through the same hardships”

Published in the July issue of Contributoria

Put together the words refugees and Mediterranean Sea and most people will have the same image in mind: old fishing boats packed with people, human smugglers with dollar signs in their eyes and hundreds of drownings. Another continent, another sea; a similar situation has been going on for decades. Ever since the Cuban revolution people have used boats, often made by themselves, to make the 150 km sea crossing to Florida – by comparison, the distance between Tripoli in Libya to Lampedusa in Italy is roughly twice as long. Cubans arriving in the US are automatically granted political asylum, according to the Cuban Adjustment Act of 1966.

To curb the amount of rafters coming to the US, the Clinton administration added the wet foot/dry foot policy, which states that anyone intercepted in the waters by the US Coast Guard is automatically sent back to Cuba. The theory behind this is that Cubans can apply for one of the 20,000 visas the US issues yearly to Cubans, so they don’t have to take the dangerous trip through the shark-infested waters of the Florida Straits.

Read on in Contributoria

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Cubans fear new diplomatic relations with US could change special rights as immigrants

Published in Tico Times on 22nd of June, 2015

MIAMI, Florida – One result of the recent warming of relations between Cuba and the United States was a surge in “boat people” headed to U.S. shores. Following the recent announcement of historic talks between the two nations, many Cubans are concerned that the revised Cuban Adjustment Act and its “wet-foot, dry-foot policy,” which grants Cubans who reach U.S. soil automatic political asylum, will soon end.

According to 29-year-old Cuban immigrant Yuniesky Alcolea García, who recently made the journey by sea to Florida, the announcement of talks caused panic on the island.

Read on in Tico Times

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Bluefields: the dream of independence for a forgotten colonial harbor

Published in Tico Times on 2nd of June 2015

BLUEFIELDS, Nicaragua – To get to Bluefields from Nicaragua’s capital of Managua, first you take a bus for about six hours. At the last stop you move to a boat: either a speedboat that will bounce over the river for two hours or a slower one that takes six hours, Mark Twain-style.

It’s either that, or a ride on a bouncy dirt road that was supposed to be upgraded to asphalt years ago. As Bluefields residents like to say: “Them people in Managua will take another 20 years before that road is built.”

Once a thriving colonial harbor under British protection, and used for the export of coconut, banana and lumber, Bluefields now has a worn-down look of old wooden houses rotting away in the tropical heat.

Read on in Tico Times

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Beachcombing along the drug trail in Nicaragua

Published in Tico Times on 26th of May 2015

EL BLUFF, Nicaragua – It’s Saturday morning, and the beach by this southeast Nicaraguan village is full of seaweed and plastic waste. The waves of the Caribbean Sea are choppy because the rainy season has just begun. Conditions are perfect for a day of beachcombing, says 62-year-old Javier Duncan.

But he’s not talking about normal sea trash – he’s talking about drugs and cash.

“When the coast guard or DEA catches a runner boat, the smugglers throw as much as possible in the sea,” Duncan told The Tico Times. “This can be drugs, but also barrels full of dollars on the way back south. Many people in this village have found things like that.”

Read on in Tico Times

In El Salvador, Nicaragua, abortion can mean death or jail

Published in Tico Times on 15th of May 2015

SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador — María was in her second year of university. She had a boyfriend and used the pill. Nevertheless, she missed her period for a month so she bought a test, which confirmed her pregnancy. Her relationship wasn’t a serious one, and her studies were very expensive. She wasn’t sure she wanted a child so, ashamed, she told her parents what happened.

Her father had a clear opinion about it: she had to get rid of the child, no matter what. But as María lives in El Salvador, this meant going to a clandestine clinic and risking up to 40 years in prison for murder — of a 6-week-old fetus.

Read on in Tico Times

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“Wij willen geen olie meer”

Gepubliceerd in OneWorld op 11 mei 2015

 

Costa Rica draait heel 2015 al volledig op duurzame energie. De duurzaamheid is vooral te danken aan geothermische- en waterenergie.

 

REPORTAGE – In 1884 was San José, de hoofdstad van Costa Rica, een van de eerste steden ter wereld met een elektriciteitsnet. Vijfentwintig straatlampen werden aangedreven door een waterkrachtcentrale. Ook nu, zo’n honderddertig jaar later, is Costa Rica nog altijd een koploper op energiegebied. Het land heeft zich als doel gesteld om in 2021 volledig op duurzame energie over te zijn gegaan. Het ziet ernaar uit dat zij een eind op weg zijn: vorige maand kondigde het staatsenergiebedrijf aan dat zij een record hadden gevestigd door de eerste vijfenzeventig dagen van dit jaar volledig op groene energie te draaien. De afgelopen jaren schommelde het aandeel aan duurzame energie in Costa Rica rond de 95  procent.
Rondero en marktkoopman

Vigilantes of the Andes

Published on website Contributoria on 1st of May 2015

A young man and woman are interrogated by a group of people. After some questions about their affair, they have to promise that none of this will ever happen again. The wife of the young man steps forward from the group and he has to publicly apologise to her. After that, he and his mistress bend over and are whipped on their backs by an old woman. This public shaming is videotaped and shown via YouTube.

The video shows a tribunal in Cajamarca, in the northern Andean region of Peru, and was made by the local vigilantes, who call themselves the rondas campesinas (farmer patrols). The rondas protect the cities and villages from criminals and use corporal punishment, whose roots are in the traditional indigenous society.

Read on